Wine Growing - An Illustrated Documentation

By Hugo Häfner, Translated by Alex Herzog
(Reprinted with permission from 1977 Heimatkalendar der Deutschen aus Bessarabien)
This article was presented in the December 2007 issue of the Heritage Review (Volume 37, No. 4).
Due to space limitations, we were not able to print the the wine listings incorporated in the article so have included them here.

Wines Grown in Bessarabia

White Varieties
Name Other Variety Name Ripening Stage Quality
Aligoté Aligoté de la Cote d’Or 2 Medium
Belardsche Belardje 2 Medium
Kabasma white Thick white variety 2-3 Less
Gamay white Gamay blanc 2 Medium
Gutedel [estate noble] white or yellow Chasselas blanc, Chasselas d’oré 1 Medium
White-yellow Muscat Muscat blanc de Frontigneau, Muskateller, Schmecker 2 Good
Plavaja Paves, Plakum, Panaplävaja 2 Less
Green Sylvaner Austrian   Medium
Gray Burgunder Ruländer, Pinot gris, gray Klävner 1-2 Good
Yellow Mosler Mesliere, Melier 2 Medium
Fütterer Folle blanche 3 Medium
Gradiska   2  
Greek rosé (mentioned by Baumann!)      


Blue Varieties
Name Other Variety Name Ripening Stage Quality
Blue Salfiner   2-3 Less
Blue Portuguese Bordauer, Portugais bleu, Oporto prior to stage 1 Medium
Zottler Sereksia after stage 3 Medium
Cinsaut   2 Medium
Durif Plante Durif, Pinot de l’Hermitage 2 Medium
Kabasma black   2-3 Medium



Alicante Bouchet   3 Medium
Gamay black Gamay noir; 2 Medium
Mondeuse   3 Medium
Dickschwarzer [thick, black] Dickknoller, Schwarzdicker 3 Medium
Grand noir Grand noir de la Calmette, French Zottler 2 Medium
Sirah blue Sirene, Sirah de l’Hermitage   Good
Aramon   after stage 3 Less
Malbek Cot ou Malbec, Pressac 3 Good
Blaufränkisch [Blue Franconian] Limberger 2 Medium
Traminer red Franconian Savignon-Tokay 2 Good
Kauschansky black   2 Medium
Cabernet frank Cabernet gris, Gros Kabernet, Karmenet, Große Verdure after stage 3 Good


Table Grapes (white to pink)

Name Other Variety Name Ripening Stage
Muskat Gutedel Chasselas Muscat 1
 Perle von Szaba Szabo-Perle prior to stage 1
 Queen of Vineyards   prior to stage 1
 Dattler de Beyrouth Afuz Ali, Bolgar, Karaber 2-3
Rosa Chaouch Csaus, Tschaus, Chauch, Tschausch 3
Crimean rosé (identical with the Crimean Muscat rosovy?) Gasidette 1
 Arvarna   1

Grapes also used for pressing; Gutedel, Gradiska, Muscat

Blues:  pressed grapes – Cinsaut, Frankentaler, Zottler, and blue Portuguese; in Arzis: Malaga

The following rooted [un-grafted] grape varieties were planted in the sand dunes:

White Varieties

Name Other Variety Name Ripening Stage Quality
Riesling   3 Good
Sylvaner   2-3 Medium
Kabasma   2-3 Less
Traminer   2-3 Good
Gamay   2 Medium
Gutedel [estate noble]   1 Medium
Belardje   2 Mediium
Burgundy Pinot blanc 1-2 Good
Grey burgundy Pinot gris, Ruländer 1-2 Good
Sauvignon   3 Good
Semillon   2-3 Good
Welschriesling   3 Medium
Muscat and Muskat Ottonel   2-3 Good
Titi-Kiuruk (a Turkish variety, strongly resistant to frost)      


Dark Varieties

Name Other Variety Name Ripening Stage Quality
Zottler Sereksia 3 Medium
Malbek   3 Good
Kabasma   2-3 Medium
Gutedel   1 Medium
Traminer   2-3 Good
Alcante   2-3 Medium
Gamay   1 Medium
Gamay noir   2 Medium
Purtuguese   1 Medium
Burgundy Pinot noir 1-2 Good
Cabernet Sauvignon   3 Good
Färbertraube Teinturier 2 Medium
Salfiner   2 Less
Grand noir French Zottler; 2-3 Medium
Petit Boucher   3 Medium




Chasselas-rosa x Rupestris 4401 (direct-carrier)      


Table Grapes - White

Name Other Variety Name
Magadalena (Royal Magdalena)
Greek Rosa Gutedel variety
Kisch-misch Sultanine white, for raisins
Rosa Sultanine  
Muskat Gutedel  
Muskat von Hamburg  
Gutedel yellow  
Muskat Ottonel  
Afus Ali Dattier de Beyrouth
Isabella (grafted direct-carrier)  


Table Grapes - Dark
Name Other Variety Name
Rosarot [pink] Greek Rosa
Königs-Gutedel [Royal Estate Noble]  
Jogverna = not Alverna  
Rosa Gutedel  
Roter [red] Trollinger  
Blauer [blue] Portuguese  
Blaues [blue] Ochsenauge [ox eye]