Kutschurgan History

The Kutschurgan enclave or district is named after the Kutschurgan River which is a tributary of the Dniester River.  The Kutschurgan River flows along some of the villages of the Kutschurgan district.  The six colonies in the Kutschurgan district are Baden, Elsass, Kandel, Mannheim, Selz, and Strassburg.  All six colonies were Catholic colonies.  The colonies were founded in 1808.  The colonists came from Elsass, Rhein Pfalz, Germany; Wuerttemberg, Rhein Pfalz, Germany; and Baden, Germany.  They were under the guidance of Russian travel agents who were in Germany recruiting the settlers.  All of the colonists were given funds to sustain themselves until their arrival in the Kutschurgan district.

The colonists had copies of an agreement signed by the German and Russian governments that outlined their rights and obligations.  This agreement contained six guarantees:

Baden is situated south of Strassburg and north of Selz and is 4 kms. from the Kutschurgan rail station and 65 kms. northwest of Odessa. 

Elsass is located 50 kms. north of Odessa and 8 kms. from the Teremejewka railway station.

Kandel is located south of Selz and is located 64 kms. northwest of Odessa and 10 kms. from the Kutschurgan rail station.

Mannheim is located 45 kms. north of Odessa and 9 kms. southeast of Elsass.  It was first named Maria Helf but changed to Mannheim in 1810.

Selz is located 63 kms. northwest of Odessa and 7 kms. from the Kutschurgan railway station.

Strassburg is located on the main route to Odessa from Tiraspol.

Kandel and Elsass are located on relatively level land.  The other villages have to contend with rolling hills.  The entire Kutschurgan district has excellent black soil and four of the villages have a mixture of black soil and light sand.

 

1908 Odessa Zeitung Article on the 100th Anniversary of the Kutschurgan Colonies


GRHS Home Page